A good vocabulary will seem like a blessing in disguise when you sit on the paper; therefore, I want you to realize the importance of English vocabulary, reading, and lexical resources. The topic for today is topical IELTS vocabulary, and we'll look at how important they can prove while taking the IELTS writing and IELTS speaking exam. Remember that all the tips and knowledge that I am sharing with you through these articles will benefit you immensely.

The more vocabulary you know, the more success you will have in listening and the reading sections. So another suggestion to better your topical vocabulary is to do brainstorming. You can try vocabulary brainstorm with a friend, sibling, or any person that seems fit. It will gravely help you towards development and improvement.

The advice to all the IELTS test takers is to think of all the different vocabulary about a topic and use I appropriately. Then, you can easily ace topical vocabulary.

So, what is topical vocabulary? What does it mean? Effectively? Topical vocabulary is all on one Topic. Topical vocabulary is all about the same theme or subject. So, for example, if your topic was education, then topical vocabulary is all words connected to education, topical vocabulary. So, why is it so crucial in IELTS for you to develop this vocabulary before test day? It is fundamental as your assessment is affected by what IELTS vocabulary list you are using, meaning the word or kind of words used, whether they are common words or advanced words, form the basis of the assessment criteria. Now, your writing and speaking are assessed on four different criteria. And one of the criteria that is the same in both writing and speaking is called lexical resource. And that effectively means your choice of vocabulary.

The need for usage of less common vocabulary and collocation affects your IELTS score. First of all, the lexical range. That means how broad and varied your choice of words, that are not mundane and monotonous and not the words that we use every day but words that are more advanced. Second, collocation is pairs of words or groups of words that would fit together; for example, why do we say she is a highly successful businesswoman. And why don't we say she's a greatly successful businesswoman? Because it's a collocation.

Speaking band descriptors
  • Band 5: produces simple speech fluently, but more complex communication causes fluency problems, talk about familiar and unfamiliar topics but use of vocabulary with limited flexibility produces basic sentence forms with reasonable accuracy, limited range of more complex structures, but contain errors
  • Band 6: speaking has wide enough vocabulary to discuss topics at length, make meaning clear in spite of inappropriacies, generally paraphrases successfully
  • Band 7: flexible use of vocabulary resources to discuss various topics, use of less common and idiomatic vocabulary and has awareness of style and collocation, with some inappropriate choices, uses paraphrase effectively
  • Band 8: uses a wide vocabulary resource readily and flexibly to convey a precise meaning, less common and idiomatic vocabulary skilfully, with occasional inaccuracies, uses paraphrase effectively as required
  • Band 9: vocabulary with full flexibility and precision in all topics, uses idiomatic language naturally and accurately

The following are some common IELTS exam topics with their topical vocabulary word list that is less common and has advanced collocations or idioms, followed by a paragraph using all the words listed in the list for that particular topic.

1. Family Life

  • Raising children is an excellent collocation we say to raise children or bring up children. So there might be a topic in IELTS about the upbringing of children changes.
  • Spending quality time with family
  • Comfort Zone
  • Relationships
  • a wedding ceremony
  • immediate family or close family or close relatives
  • extended family
  • nuclear family
  • siblings
  • brother or sister-in-law
  • Single parent family: Recently, there was an IELTS title about the increasing number of single-parent families and the potential problems.
  • Close-knit or a closely-knit family.
  • Besotted with wife, which means very in love with the wife
  • blended family, so that's a family which has become a family from being maybe two different families
  • parenthood
  • childhood
  • an adoptive parent.
  • Our families give us emotional support, which is a good sentence
  • poverty-stricken family, poverty, meaning a state of not having enough resources being a poor, financially poverty-stricken family. So, this is a family that has significant financial problems.

A good vocabulary will seem like a blessing in disguise when you sit on the paper; therefore, I want you to realize the importance of English vocabulary, reading, and lexical resources. The topic for today is topical IELTS vocabulary, and we'll look at how important they can prove while taking the IELTS writing and IELTS speaking exam. Remember that all the tips and knowledge that I am sharing with you through these articles will benefit you immensely.


For education, try to think of less common lexical items. For example, you can use words like teacher and student and things like that and school, but that is very common and may be used once or twice, not more than; try including synonyms.

  • Undergraduate
  • Scholar
  • Private schools
  • Tuition free
  • Distance learning
  • Extra-curricular
  • Higher education
  • Bachelor's degree
  • E-learning or online learning
  • Academia
  • Primary education, first for young children
  • Secondary education
  • Tertiary education, meaning third, so tertiary can apply to universities, colleges, etc.
  • Post-graduate
  • Curriculum development
  • One to one learning
  • Overseas education
  • continual assessment, as opposed to final exams.
  • formative and Summative Assessment
  • Homeschooling
  • Boarding school
  • Open education


  • Air pollution
  • Climate change or shift
  • Climate
  • Weather
  • Fossil fuels
  • Pollution
  • Cleanliness
  • Green Energy
  • Solar energy or solar panels
  • Renewable energy
  • Extinction of endangered animals
  • Eco friendly
  • Ozone layer
  • Carbon emission
  • Deforestation
  • Greenhouse gases
  • Public transport
  • Smart city
  • Sustainable economic growth
  • Carbon footprint
  • Oil Spillage, desertification
  • Recycling waste
  • Upcycling greenhouse effect
  • Tree planting projects

There are many other topics like working parents, elderly, relatives, single-parent families, aging generation, technological developments, online banking, online shopping, and online education. You can work your vocabulary on and make sentences and write paragraphs after that.

If someone is looking for IELTS vocabulary words, they must look at these topical collocations, for example, convicted criminal to commit a serious offense and build a career. Climb the career ladder. Those who aren't connected, by the way, commit a serious offense and build a career. Geographically mobile, geographically mobile within commuting distance. Now you might be able to use that if you had an essay to write about public transport, for example—the property market run down areas a financial strain that might refer to those poverty-stricken families mentioned earlier.

You can learn many less common collocations that you could use in many task two writings and part three speaking tasks. Some of them are rendering obsolete, spelling disaster, planting doubts, provoking an outcry, cloud judgment, and shaping our destiny. And remember to shape your destiny, you need less common lexical items and lots of topical vocabulary.


The following is an example of a paragraph from an essay that you can use to understand the usage and placement of the topical vocabulary. The topic is the environment for this essay paragraph, and you can also refer to the list of words given above that are relative to the topic.

"The environment is a boon, which has kept this entire planet in a state of equilibrium and harmony. The balance that keeps the planet and its beings breathing is the ecosystem. The time is such nowadays that the anthropogenic activities have led to the polluting the excellent environment thus causing pollution of several types. The issue comes in with the progress through urbanization and a result of industrialization. The harmful chemicals have just polluted the natural resources putting all lives at risk and a potent threat of significant climate change. The weather has already started behaving differently than what was before. The melting of glaciers results from the disruption and damage of the ozone layer due to Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC), greenhouse gases which are the primary reasons for this today. The burning of fossil fuels and carbon emissions has also led to air pollution due to the production of toxic substances. What has been lost can be restored if not brought back. The first step is to stop deforestation and adapt tree planting projects so that people are aware of the possible environmental crisis that is going on and should be more invested towards betterment.

One of the many eco-friendly solutions is the introduction of renewable and sustainable development. Renewable energy sources are a friend of the environment, and they are o various types like wind energy, solar energy, which contribute to sustainable economic growth. For example, solar panels can produce so much energy that they can power an entire airport. The Airport of Cochin, India, is a real-life example of renewable energy sources, and it is also a cost-effective method."

So, by now, you might have had a fair idea about what topical academic vocabulary is how it is to be used. My advice to you is that you must keep practicing and reading as much as possible to gain knowledge, learn new words and develop an excellent advanced vocabulary.

You can easily make yourself accustomed to the IELTS tasks no matter what level you are on. We at Marvel guide IELTS candidates towards the best ways of IELTS preparation and give valuable tips that will assist you in your IELTS academic exam and IELTS general training exam. We suggest you practice and practice. There are various topics for the IELTS essay and practice exercises present on MarvelIELTS.com. You can go through various exercises, including reading passages, reading modules, and other questions in the IELTS listening test, IELTS writing task, and other tasks on the MarvelIELTS.com website and learn more about these exam sections. You can also visit our institute in Zirakpur, where our best IELTS teachers and other faculty can guide you towards achieving your goal and passing it with flying colours.

All the best and Happy Learning!