Welcome to the Marvel IELTS expert tutorial! If you are looking to improve your academic Writing IELTS score, you have come to the right place. I am your expert, Bhrat Brij. I've been teaching English for over five years. And during this time, I've worked on a variety of English ability tests, particularly the IELTS exam.

I've worked with students and teachers from all around the world, and I am glad that I've helped thousands of students get their desired band score by guiding them in their IELTS Preparation. Additionally, I've also been able to help teachers teach for the test.


The IELTS General Writing test seems difficult to many IELTS test takers. Many reasons make it seem difficult, from limited knowledge of grammar and vocabulary to simply not knowing how to start preparing. It's especially tough for people who do not have any idea where to begin preparing for the test on their own.

What is IELTS Academic Writing Test?

“It is one of four sections or modules in the IELTS exam that represent the four communicative skills that the exam tests.”

This article contains tricks and techniques that will make it easier to prepare for the IELTS writing test all by yourself. To start preparing for the exam by yourself, you first have to:
  • Understand the test format and task types. The more you know about what will be on the test, the more confident you'll feel. When you know what you're doing, you can concentrate all your focus on the task itself. To find out in detail about the test tasks, you can see some sample questions by visiting the MarvelIELTS website.
  • Understand how and on what basis your writing will be assessed. You should know what the examiner is looking for in your writing.
  • Develop your ability to analyse your writing. Currently, many people are in a position where they do not have their IELTS trainer/ English teacher to help them mark their essays. So you must develop a way to evaluate your own essays to a certain extent.
  • Develop appropriate vocabulary and appropriate grammatical structures.

Self study guide for writing Task 1


On the first day, you should make efforts to know about the test and to understand how it is marked. The MarvelIELTS website has a lot of sources where you can look for all the required information and sample papers.

Look up and download public band descriptors. Those are a public version of what criteria the examiner uses to mark your essays. They are really useful to analyze your writing. Try and understand what the examiner is looking for.

See the sample papers, get a descriptive idea of what happens in the test. And then there's more information and other sites to visit to read and do tasks as well.


It's essential to know your level of English at the moment because that will give you an excellent idea of the sort of score you might get on the IELTS test. Go to the Marvel IELTS site, where you can get a completely free Mock test to determine your current level.

Look at grammar and vocabulary practices for a chart describing academic writing tasks so it could be a pie chart, a bar chart, or a line graph. Those are three very common types of tasks.

Once you've done all that, you must move on to grammar and vocabulary practice. Attempt a writing test, and analyze your writing in the piece. This will help you get some idea of what writing is like.

Here are some ways to improve your grammar and vocabulary:

  • Reading, lots of reading
  • Using grammar books
  • Speaking with native English speakers
  • See blogs or watch videos
  • Doing practice tests
  • Use Cambridge IELTS books
All of it doesn't have to be a head-down study. With the right mindset, watching a film on YouTube, casually chatting with a native English speaker, writing emails or semi-formal letters can all become forms of Practice


Describing a process diagram, which shows you how something is manufactured or made, is one of the types of things that you get in task one.

For describing a process, since we're not interested in the people who are doing the work, we're more interested in what is being made. So it is often written in a passive voice and simple present tense.

If a lot of olive oil is produced in Italy, I think it's fair to say that the sort of processes that are happening now, it's okay to write them in simple present tense and passive voice, but do double-check because it's always possible that they will use an old process. So, for example, how the Egyptians made the papyrus or something like that, take grammar tests to make sure you understand how to use the present passive.


Sometimes the question is one map, sometimes it's a two map question, and again, we'll be looking. So you'll be thinking about those and again doing some of that grammar practice required for making comparisons between two maps.


Then on the last day, it's a matter of pulling everything together that you've done for the past four days, which further gives you a chance to practice writing and analyze and correct your work. Once you've written your essay and report, you'll have several questions that you can work on and contemplate your writing to help you improve for the next time.

Self-study schedule for writing task 2


We know that task 2 is an essay. But what kind of essay?

Well, It's an argumentative essay, where you have to discuss a problem and a solution, your opinion perhaps. You might be asked to what extent do you agree with something? Or Some people think this; what do you think? You may be given a description of some problem and asked to describe the solutions.

Try to read the model answers for the Writing Task. Then, practice Task 2 and analyse it. It's once again all about getting more information about the task, so you feel confident when you go into the test center.


You should know how the test is assessed. There are four areas that the Examiner is marking you on, and they are:

  • Coherence and cohesion - your essay's logical flow and cohesion and how your essay is linked.
  • Adherence- the relevance of what you're writing about
  • Grammatical range and accuracy- the lexical resource of yours and how well do you use it
  • Vocabulary - the range and kind of words used in the essay. Therefore, build your academic vocabulary

Practice Coherence and Cohesion. Use formal academic style vocabulary while speaking with each other, and on day two of this particular program, you'll be working on these two aspects in particular. Now, let me give you an example about building your academic vocabulary for IELTS preparation:

So you're asked to browse the site that has the academic word list, which you can probably tell by its look.

It's named a list of academic words, and they're broken down into what's known as sub-lists. So, for example, the sub-list 1A has the ten most common words that come up in formal academic writing, and there are so many lists and so many exercises.

This is just one exercise on the 1st sub-list, a matching exercise, but you can do various other things on this site. It helps you with word building and developing your vocabulary.

For example, the World Economic crisis depicts the economic and financial situation of the world, et cetera. So, this kind of information and Practice is available in the academic word list. So visit the site and Practice.


On the third day, focus on Improving your grammatical range for Writing Task

Practice writing a Task 2 essay and go through examples of the types of essays you might get in task two. Make a note of the important things like reasons, relevant examples, etc. Write at least 250 words.


Focus on improving your lexical range, using pronouns to improve cohesion, Finding ideas - brainstorming

Work on improving your lexical resource and world-building. It also helps you build, develop coherence and cohesion by using pronouns. I think many people are habitual of using linking words like, despite, whereas, secondly, finally, that are used to signpost the essay's direction and link our ideas.

But using a pronoun instead of repeating a noun portrays a high-level approach towards the essay. Something like this means representing the idea in the previous sentence, giving you a better practice on that slightly higher level of coherence and cohesion work.

Another thing for day four is that many students in my classes find it difficult to find ideas when they haven't thought much about the topic before. So we've put in some ideas for you too to go through which can help you.

Practice developing ideas for these essays.


Practice writing a timed essay. First, analyse your essay with the help of a checklist for writing tasks 1 and 2. Next, spend 40 minutes writing your essay and then start analysing it.

There's a long checklist for you to read and mark the questions that you've attempted. Then, read your essay, and contemplate whether you have been able to work towards the improvement and progress you've made so far since day one.

But using a pronoun instead of repeating a noun portrays a high-level approach towards the essay. Something like this means representing the idea in the previous sentence, giving you a better practice on that slightly higher level of coherence and cohesion work.

Another thing for day four is that many students in my classes find it difficult to find ideas when they haven't thought much about the topic before. So we've put in some ideas for you too to go through which can help you.

Practice developing ideas for these essays.

Tips and tricks

Here are some marvelous tips to help you ace your IELTS exam

  • READ! Reading helps you to get good at writing as much as anything else. Be an active reader. Try to comprehend what you're reading. Don't be a passive reader.
  • Don't just read an article and think, "Oh well, I've done my reading for the day!" but try to ask yourself questions about the content, find useful vocabulary expressions, and note them down for future reference.
  • Ask yourself at the end of the read:

    Did you agree with it? If it was an article in a newspaper or News Journal, would you agree with the writer? Do you think it was well written? Did you consider it interesting? Asking these questions will help you train better for your IELTS writing as well as reading test.
  • Keep vocabulary records: this will help you with the IELTS speaking test as well. Everyone keeps vocabulary records in different ways. You can make lists or use mind maps, and you can do it subject-wise. Anyway, that's useful for you.
  • Remember that a good vocabulary record is not mere words in English and their translation into your language, but they are also important to record the parts of speech, for example, whether it's a noun or a verb. Whether it has another word that goes with it, or perhaps it has a preposition after or before it? Whether there is another word that completes it and goes very strongly with it. All of this can be recorded, along with writing all the parts down.

    So write the Word family as well as try to build your vocabulary.
  • Be critical of your writing, introspect what grammar or spelling mistakes you often make, and write them down. Then, try and eliminate those particular mistakes in the test itself.
  • Use spell-checker and grammar checkers when you're studying at home
  • I'd suggest that you write your essay then leave it for some time because I find that if I've written something, I can't see my mistakes, so go and have that break.

    Have a short walk or a piece of chocolate. Listen to some music and then come back and then study your essay. Look at the things that you can correct yourself in.
  • Make a list of words you spelled incorrectly. Work on grammatical errors and make notes on them.
  • Use the Public Band Descriptors (from Day 1) to analyse your essays in Task 1 and 2. For example, did you write a clear overview for Task 1? (Band 7). Did you write your position clearly for Task 2? (Band 7)
  • And each time you write, use the public band descriptors to analyze your essays and then look at what they say.


Read. Practice. Look at a model answer, an ideal IELTS essay, and tailor your writing style accordingly. Finally, learn to understand the question.

Do lots of reading, but not just mere reading. Do active reading. Make notes of vocabulary collocations and also work on them. Develop your vocabulary by using academic vocabulary.

Yes, there's a word counter on the computer so you can see the number of words you've already written up.

It isn't easy because I don't know the level of writing for people, but I just think if you're writing something between 260 to 290 words, it would be about right.

No, it's the same four criteria whether this is similar to general training

I can only guess that you might mean things like the COVID epidemic-pandemic and things like that. I'd be very much surprised if current topics came up in that form, but they might; there might be questions that could relate to it.

So you might have an essay about what are the advantages and disadvantages of working from home. For example, it's not directly about COVID-19, but it is linked because many of us have been working from home during the pandemic, so you don't have to worry about that.

They're both entirely acceptable. It doesn't matter which type of vocabulary you use as long as you're consistent. Also, make sure that the spelling is not incorrect.

No, it's not. It's exactly the same test. The only difference is that because the UKVI is for visas and immigration, its security is different. So, for example, it's all video. Recorded, but the actual IELTS test is exactly the same as the ordinary test. You can ask more questions on our official Facebook page.

You can do a free computer-delivered familiarization test online if you've got ample time. In addition, you can do an online preparation course with Marvel.

Also, download the IELTS prep app, which has many practice tests, parameters, exercises, and more; it also has the vocabulary you asked about. Download the word-ready app, and then you can practice and build your vocabulary, wherever you are.

Books and general study guides skim for answers. Next, we recommend the official IELTS practice materials and two e-books with great IELTS general and academic training tips. And lastly, if you're interested in the indicator test, please visit our site: Marvelielts.com.